Category: IBM

International Business Machines (IBM) started in the 1880’s as different companies: the Tabulating Machine Company, the International Time Recording Company, the Computing Scale Corporation, and the Bundy Manufacturing Company.. IBM was officially founded on June 15, 1911 as the Computing Tabulating Recording Corporation (CTR) through a merger. They built computers – from mainframes to Personal computers. IBM sold their PC line to Lenovo, but continues to build enterprise equipment.

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October 15, 1985: IBM Announces Token Ring Network

1985– IBM announced, with co-developer Texas Instruments, the Token Ring network along with PC Network software – six months ahead of schedule. The TR only did network transmission speed of 4 Mbps (It didn’t hit speeds of 16 Mbps until 1989), and worked over standard phone wiring. Using terminated BNC cable, Token Ring created just that; a Ring connection that talks in one direction. This Day in Tech History podcast show notes for October 15 Mac Plus Retires, Mac Classic Launches John Sculley resigns from Apple AOL Lays off 20% Podcast: Play in new window | DownloadSubscribe! Apple Podcasts | Android...

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October 7, 1954: Goodbye to Vacuum Tube, Hello Transistor

1954 – IBM created the first calculating machine to use solid-state transistors. This was the first nail in the coffin for vacuum tubes.  The end result was a 2,000 transistor calculator no smaller in size and no faster in speed.However, the transistor counterpart was cheaper, took less power and created less heat. IBM went on to make the IBM 608 calculator [stock IBM] 2002– Palm – one of the leaders in handheld electronics – announces the first Zire handheld computer. This was called the “consumer grade” brand of Personal Digital Assistants (PDA). They were meant to be low-cost ($99) and something everyone...

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September 30, 1889: IBM incorporated – Bundy Manufacturing

1889 – The Bundy Manufacturing Co., a maker of time recording equipment, is incorporated in  Binghamton, N.Y. Willard L. Bundy created a new type of timeclock for business. Bundy Manufacturing Co. Bundy was acquired by the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company, Inc. (C-T-R) in 1911. Thirteen years later, the name would change one more time to International Business Machines (IBM). This Day in Tech History podcast show notes for September 30 Commodore announces the CBM8032 IE 4.0 is released MPAA asks for an injunction of RealDVD Podcast: Play in new window | DownloadSubscribe! Apple Podcasts | Android | RSS | More

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September 20, 1954: FORTRAN Code Run for First Time

1954 – Fortran is a blend from the IBM Mathematical Formula Translating System that started as the assembly language for the IBM 704. A general-purpose, procedural programming language that is suited to numeric computation and scientific computing. This Day in Tech History podcast show notes for September 20 Purple Codes broken Red Hat 2.0 released Large Hadron Collider to shut down Podcast: Play in new window | DownloadSubscribe! Apple Podcasts | Android | RSS | More

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September 14, 1973: IBM Antitrust Lawsuit

1973 – IBM had a suit filed in January of 1972 by Telex. They accused IBM of monopolizing the “plug compatible” equipment market. This included tape and disk drives, along with other add-on memories. Judge Sherman Christensen hands down his 222 page verdict. He found that both Telex and IBM were guilty for the allegations waged against each other. Telex is awarded $350 million and IBM will be restrained in its ability to market its computer and software bundles. IBM, in turn, is awarded $22 million. This suit began a witch hunt and other suits against IBM came up. CalComp,...

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August 12, 1981: First IBM PC Computer Rolled Out

It was 1981 when IBM rolled out the first PC model 5150. Of course they had other computers, but nothing that targeted the home market as the PC would. The 5150 contained a 4.7 MHz processor, 16k or RAM and 40 k of ROM. All for $1,565. If you wanted to customize, well, get out the check book – that will cost you $6000.Each PC came with Microsofts’ CP/M Operating System. “We intend the IBM Personal Computer to be the most useful system of its kind,” C. B. Rogers, Jr., IBM vice president and group executive, General Business Group said. “Besides...

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July 3, 1991: Apple, IBM Create Pact on Power PC Mac

1991 – IBM’s Jim Cannavino met with John Sculley of Apple. They worked out a deal and signed a sharing agreement. It would allow Mac to integrate with IBM enterprise systems. It would also allow Apple to use the PowerPC with their RISC based Mac to work together.Power PC stands for Performance Optimization with Enhanced RISC. It is also known as PPC. The RISC architecture processor was first meant for personal computers, yet embedded machines adopted them for use. Computers such as the AmigaOS 4, POSIX, BeOS all used PowerPC. Even Windows machines used PowerPC for their NT 3.51 and...

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April 2, 1987: IBM PS/2 Released

1987 – IBM releases a flurry of new items on this day. The most notable was the IBM PS/2 – Their first 80386 system using a 3.5 floppy (720kb or 1.44 MB discs), MFM hard drive, PC-DOS and OS/2. Multiple models were released, including the Model 60 (10 MHz 286 processor) and Model 80 ( 20 MHz 386 processor). Hard drives went up to 115 MB and would cost you $6,995 for the basic model, to $10,995. IBM also introduced the VGA in Model 50, the Multicolor Graphics Array (MCGA), high resolution graphics card for up to 1024×768 in 256...

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