The first planetarium in the US owned by a university opens at the University of Chapel Hill, in North Carolina. The Morehead Planetarium, one of the largest in the US, is the gift of John Motley Morehead III, class of 1891. The Morehead Building, erected at the north end of the campus, included the 68 foot dome, the 300 seat Star Theater, and the Zeiss Model II Star Projector. Morehead is an industrialist and chemist who commercially developed the production of calcium carbide, basic to manufacturing acetylene gas, which led to the founding of the Union Carbide Corporation. As the US space program began, the planetarium will provide important celestial navigation training for US astronauts in the Mercury program.
The National Physical Laboratory’s Pilot ACEThe Pilot ACE, one of the first computers built in the United Kingdom, is completed at England’s National Physical Laboratory (NPL) and runs its first program.
Gordon Kidd Teal of Texas Instruments, Inc. (TI) announces to the National Conference on Airborne Electronics in Dayton, Ohio, that TI has produced the first commercial mass-produced high frequency germanium transistor. Teal, who was the second to last speaker of the day, stunned a sleepy crowd who had been hearing from previous speakers that the procedure was still impossible. On word of the announcement, the room met with a TI executive handing out literature and disbanded, effectively leaving the last speaker without an audience.
The nuclear submarine USS Triton completes the first underwater circumnavigation of the Earth. IMDb profile
The classic monster movie Mothra is released to US theaters. In the movie, an expedition to an irradiated island brings civilization in contact with a primitive native culture. When one sensationalist entrepreneur tries to exploit the islanders, their ancient deity arises in retaliation.
Earthrise, a photo taken by the crew of Apollo 10Apollo 10 transmits the first color pictures of Earth from space.
Atari forms a joint venture with MCA Video Games, to create coin-operated video games, home video games, and computer software based on motion pictures, television, and other MCA properties.
The Hewlett Packard 110Hewlett-Packard introduces the HP 110 laptop computer, featuring a 5.33MHz 8086, 272kB RAM, a 384kB ROM, a flip-up LCD display displaying 80×16 text or 480×120 graphics, the MS-DOS 2.11 operating system, and a 300bps modem. The ROM chip contains Lotus 1-2-3 spreadsheet, MemoMaker word processor, Infocom’s Zork game, and a communications package. Price: US$2995 Weight: 8.5 pounds
Journalist G. Pascal Zachary publishes an article in Knight-Ridder newspaper affiliates, entitled “Atari picks up momentum”. Referencing the Sunday Advocate in Stamford, Connecticut, an analyst at D.H. Brown, Barbara Isgur states that she expects that Atari will “more than double its computer sales here in 1987″.
An advanced access preview release of the Be File System (BFS) is released. BFS is the native file system for the BeOS operating system developed by Dominic GiampAOLo and Cyril Meurillon over a ten month period, beginning in September 1996, to provide BeOS with a modern 64-bit capable journaling file system.
Grandmaster Garry Kasparov, reaches a stalemate in the fifth of six games against IBM’s Deep Blue supercomputer.
Florists’ Transworld Delivery (FTD) officials issue a statement denying an earlier Associated Press (AP) story that FTD experienced a critical computer outage on Thursday that may affect thousands of Mother’s Day orders. Although FTD, based in Downers Grove, Illinois, acknowledged that there was a serious computer outage, they claim that all orders had been backed up and were being reprocessed properly.
Apple Computer, Inc. announces that over eight hundred Sears, Roebuck & Co. retail stores will begin selling the translucent iMac computer by Memorial Day weekend. In the same announcement, Steve Jobs, Apple’s “interim” Chief Executive Officer (CEO), claims that first-time computer users make up thirty-two percent of Apple iMac purchases.
Hasbro Interactive announces a licensed deal with Sony Signatures to market Q*BERT for the Personal Computer (PC) and popular video game consoles. The title will be unveiled, along with a number of other classic video game titles, at the upcoming E3 trade show in Los Angeles.
SC&T International, Inc. announces a licensed partnership with VM Labs, Inc. of Mountian View, California. SC&T, according to the announcement, will manufacture and market a variety of peripherals compatible with VM Labs’ forthcoming Nuon DVD technology.
Intel Corporation releases the Itanium Processor Microarchitecture reference, a guide for software developers that details the functional behavior of Intel’s forthcoming Itanium microprocessor.
Universal Studios in California hosts the world-premiere demonstration of the Metal Gear Solid 2 video game for the PlayStation 2.
Chosen, a six and one half minute film by director Ang Lee whose past credits include “Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon” is released on the Internet as part of a film project financed by BMW of Germany.
Transatlantic cable TAT-14, completed March 21st, begins commercial service. The cable system is a dual, bi-directional ring configuration using DWDM multiplexing (dense wavelength-division multiplex) with sixteen wavelengths of STM-64 per fiber pair. It carries 640 Gbps, corresponding to 7.7 million telephone circuits, of which 80 percent will be used for Internet traffic. The 15,000 kilometers of cable connecting Germany, the United Kingdom, Denmark, France, and the Netherlands with the United States is owned by a consortium of fifty members, including AT&T, British Telecom, Cable & Wireless, Deutsche Telekom, and France Telecom.
The California State Controller computer system is hacked. Approximately 265,000 people’s personal information is exposed.
At the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles, California, the Dear Friends: Music from Final Fantasy concert is held, running for two hours, sponsored by Square Enix. Conductor Miguel Harth-Bedoya leads the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra and Los Angeles Master Chorale performing fourteen songs composed by Nobuo Uematsu from the Final Fantasy games.
Microsoft holds a press conference in Los Angeles, California. A video is shown titled “The Novice”, with Donald Trump poking fun at fake Sony executives, and praising Microsoft executives for their online video game strategies. Microsoft announces it will release Halo 2 with multiplayer support on November 9. Electronic Arts announces it will begin including Xbox Live support in its games. To date, Microsoft has sold fourteen million Xbox systems.
The first official version of PearPC is released. PearPC is an architecture-independent PowerPC platform emulator capable of running many PowerPC operating systems, including Darwin, Linux, and Mac OS X. It is released under the GPL. It can be executed on Microsoft Windows, Linux, FreeBSD, and other systems based on POSIX-X11.
Maple 10 the general-purpose commercial mathematics software package is released.
The developers of Black Mesa report that a portion of the source code, codenamed “Alpha 5″, has been leaked. Screenshots of the internal alpha release have been reported on at least two forums.
At the Electronic Entertainment Expo (E3), Nintendo President Satoru Iwata announces that Nintendo is unlikely to produce new version of the Game Boy Advance in the future.
Opera announces that it will be developing a browser for Nintendo’s Wii console.
Microsoft announced it will acquire Skype for $8.5 billion